Since 2010, Blue Environmentalist Foundation through its proposed communication Canal Azul 24, Blue Channel 24, ANCA24 and ANCA24 Canada has been monitoring various bioregions of the American continent. Bioregions as Magellan, Patagonia, Gran Chaco, Amazonia, Andes, Guayana,Caribbean, Mesoamerica, Gulf of Fonseca, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of California, Alaska and boreal forests of North America among others.
This search allowed to meet and investigate the processes of creation and development of Biological Corridors, being the most significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor developed by the seven countries of Central America plus Mexico which joined later and the Biological Corridor of the Caribbean (Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and their representatives, with the coordination of the UNEP/ROLAC in Panama, Jamaica and Puerto Rico).
The fused Ecological -Biologic Corridor concept means a connectivity between protected areas with important biodiversity in order to counteract the fragmentation of habitats.
It aims to unite, without solution of continuity, spaces with landscapes, ecosystems and natural habitats or modified, facilitating the maintenance of biological diversity and ecological processes, helping the migration and dispersal of species of wild flora and fauna.
Corridors are one of the possible strategies to mitigate the impacts on natural habitats by industrial activities, agriculture and industrial forestry, urbanization and infrastructure, such as roads, transmission lines and dams.
Since 2007 the CITES [Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species] has done studies in the Essequibo river basin and has recommended to consider the region as a conservation area.
According to the current classification (2010) of the International Union for conservation of nature (IUCN), Biological Corridors are areas of multiple use.
Biological Corridors are designed to protect the set of native species and comply with the basic functions of connectivity at the time that maximize the sustainable use of the forest and the benefits of environmental services.
A particular environmental Corridor is built on a continuous link or nearly continuous of protected areas surrounded by an inhospitable environment. The Corridor will only exercise as facilitator role for the species associated with the specific habitat. As examples of Corridors can be mentioned the ones formed by hedges of boundaries in certain agricultural landscapes, Corridors consisting of river beds and banks of rivers, forest Corridors, etc.
The Essequibo river is one of the longest coastal rivers of South America which empties into the Atlantic Ocean and runs along the left border of Guyana, although some of its tributaries come from the northeast of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
This area would be used to carry out a regeneration or recovery through biological processes of the buffer zones of the large expanses existing forest which are being degraded due to the irrational deforestation of extensive forest coverage that in previous years were in its maximum fullness with a sustainable ecosystem and habitat consisting of variety of endemic and migratory flora and fauna , but due to the anthropogenic effects (man-made) these forests along with all the species that inhabit there are being affected almost in its entirety.
According to a report of the CITES, “the Biodiversity of the Essequibo river basin is very high, with many unique species, as well as species new to science. It isimperative that we act quickly in the conservation of these pristine areas that are rapidly disappearing around the planet, so it is essential to learn about them before they alter”.
Gustavo Carrasquel and Lenin Cardozo | ANCA24 and ANCA24 Canada