The TIPNIS is an indigenous territory and also a National Park, that, is the context in evaluating the impacts of constructing a road within the protected area.
Being a National Park, is a protected area and the Bolivian state from the 90′s, has developed a set of environmental standards to suggest that the state is committed to the forests, the nature and the environment.
Environmentally speaking is an ecosystem that ensures wildlife reptiles, turtles, lots of fish, fowl and the considerable presence of flooded savannas, the “swamp serve” a species that breeds in a very few places in Bolivia.
The region formed by the bottom of rivers Securê and Isiboro, characterized by important forests that develop following the course of both rivers, with a significant presence of sheets that offer playback of a great diversity of wild grasses (native grasses ) and the presence of ponds with lots of fish.
The environmental impact can be significant because water sources composed of rivers and streams depend on groundwater recharge, we are talking about a very fragile ecosystem that is characterized by water sources throughout the year.
Moreover, the humidity from the sheets to ensure local grass production depends on water sources, especially in the dry months from August to November; without them, the sheet can turn into a calcined place. In this context, the wildlife of the area is unlikely to survive.
The conventional construction of a road can affect the relationship between the recharge area of aquifers and the ecosystem of the region that relies on the water sources.
In this region the endangered Andean bear has their circuits of reproduction. Similarly, many endemic species remain protected until now would be severely affected by modifying the conditions of these ecosystems.
All these elements are sufficient to make responsible choices. The country needs roads and a road articulation of different regions and allow the harmonious development nationwide.
But at the same time, it must take into account the environmental cost, the cost benefit, and an urgent reconciliation between the government and the indigenous inhabitants of this territory.
By Gustavo Carrasquel | ANCA 24