As we have been warning since early 2010, the loss of thousands of acres consumed by not controlling the weather wildfires, drought has depleted watersheds that feed and make our lake is an important estuary in South America and the Caribbean.
Deforestation had already done their part not to mention the great financial loss consequential or immeasurable environmental and ecological impacts of products mines. The lack of attention to wetlands, mangroves, marshes and all the biome is south of the Lake in general. Of course I had to somehow hand in hand with the impending climate change, which affect the conditions that generate the most interesting weather phenomenon, unique in its status, like the lightning of Catatumbo.
Owes its name to the River Catatumbo which represents more than half the water entering the Lake Maracaibo, one can say that this lake is really that river and others that fall in the basin. This is an area not intervened, although there is oil exploitation and agricultural activity in Colombia and Venezuela provides nitrogen and toxic salts, which weakens the life of the lake. In this sector of the Municipality of Jesús María Semprún creates a large area bathed by the River Catatumbo Father (it sounds like thunder), rising lightning as a beacon that guides sailors, walkers and rolling in the region.
The River Catatumbo area has record for being every day of the year and several times a day. “According to the nitrogen cycle has to go through this phenomenon and the creation of atmospheric ozone (the blue sky) also gets it home, so you can say that the Father Lightning Catatumbo River nourishes our soil and blue paint our planet “(Words of Elio Rios Environmentalist, Founder of Blue Environmentalists).
Once again demonstrated that the human presence without respect or control can end with a “marvel of nature.” As always, some will say that if this government or not guilty. If the State, National, Regional or Municipal silent and passive accomplices or from destruction by pollution without adequate policy-oriented research not only, but the implementation of environmental care programs find and immediate.
This phenomenon is characterized by almost continuous lightning and silent (especially by large distances), which is produced in clouds of large vertical electrical arcing between 2 and 10 km in height (or more), as the trade winds penetrate the surface of Lake in the afternoon (when evaporation is greater) and are forced to climb the mountain system of Perija (of 3,750 meters above sea level) and Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuelan Andes branch ( of 5,000 meters above sea level, approximately).
The origin of this phenomenon is in the orographic effect of these ridges that enclose and restrain the northeast winds produce a cloud of great vertical development, mainly concentrated in the Catatumbo River basin.
This phenomenon is easy to see from hundreds of miles away, in example; from the lake itself (where no clouds usually occur at night) so it is also known as “Lighthouse of Maracaibo”, and that vessels plied the area could navigate at night without problems at the time of sailing.
It has an annual occurrence of 140 to 160 nights or more, lasting up to 10 hours per night and produces up to 280 downloads per hour. In addition, these thunderstorms produce a high percentage of all ozone generated worldwide as Catatumbo Lightning may be one of the major individual regenerative earth’s ozone layer, producing approximately 1,176,000 downloads atmospheric electricity.
The origin of the formation of ozone is found in the ionization of atmospheric gases with intense electric shock.
The occurrence of “The Lightning Catatumbo” is very old, the first written mention dates from 1597, when Lope de Vega is mentioned in the epic poem “The Snakeroot.” The naturalist Alexander von Humboldt described the phenomenon as “electrical explosions are like phosphorescent brilliance …” (Alvarado, 1956) Agustín Codazzi the geographer, review “as a continuous lightning that seems to arise in the swampy region of the Zulia River and its environs ” south of Lake Maracaibo. Notable for their continued persistence in position and time, even in the dry season, hence the name deriving from “Lighthouse of Maracaibo. ”
Characteristics of Electric Shock:
Evidence download feature tag-cloud phenomenon, and its relative confinement in a certain region of the sky. Particularly without the presence of extensive cloud formations for the entire visible horizon, as would be expected in a typical storm.
Icon of the Zulia Village, is part of their anthem, flag and shield. And it has inspired renowned artists of painting and music. But apart from the pride they have all zulianos by this natural phenomenon, it transcends the borders of Venezuela, as their contribution benefits the whole planet earth.
If the “Lightning Catatumbo” was declared UNESCO Natural Heritage “increase the chances that the agencies will pay more attention.
Has been campaigning and proposals since May 2003, where he has asked the government of President Hugo Chavez managed to UNESCO for inclusion in your estate as the “Swamp National Park Juan Manuel” as the epicenter of the “Lightning Catatumbo “.
“To get the above, could the” Catatumbo Lightning “is” the first weather phenomenon Natural Heritage of Humanity. ”
The “Flash” is an unparalleled source of ozone and the first generator of electricity in the planet’s stormy.
Usually has an average of 28 electric shocks per minute, 7 hours a day, 140 days (minimum recurrence) and produces 1,646,400 electrical discharges per year.
“In ten minutes of recurrence generates the power needed to light existing light bulbs in South America”
We have said that “the mirror of water that causes the lightning can be diminished by as exploited for agriculture and upland farming Catatumbo otherwise supplier of 60 percent of the fresh water lake, where salinity has advanced the dredged throat which communicates with the Gulf of Venezuela. The loss of thousands of hectares of forest fires and deforestation caused by coal mining and the planned change, they may be destroying a natural phenomenon of humanity… Sad loss.
Gustavo Carrasquel | Blue Channel 24